“A Knight on f5 is worth a pawn”Garry Kasparov
Kasparov made this statement because often, the Black side castles short. White’s knight then becomes quite annoying for Black and can create attacking ideas all the time.
What about the value of the knight on d6 or d3? If we consider that either the e or d file is often open and could be used by the enemy, having a knight on either of those squares could stop any rook activities and generally bother the opponent greatly. This knight on d3/d6 is often called the octopus knight. The historical Karpov-Kasparov game illustrates this idea in which Kasparov sacrificed the pawn in order to locate the knight on d3, ultimately helping him to win a beautiful game.
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Edited by Della Almind